By Nickiphoros I Tsougarakis, Fellow Peter Lock (Au
The conquest of the Byzantine Empire by means of the armies of the Fourth campaign ended in the root of numerous Latin political entities within the lands of Greece. The better half to Latin Greece deals thematic overviews of the historical past of the combined societies that emerged end result of the conquest.
With devoted chapters at the paintings, literature, structure, numismatics, financial system, social and non secular corporation and the crusading involvement of those Latin states, the quantity bargains an creation to the research of Latin Greece and a sampler of the instructions within which the sphere of analysis is moving.
Contributors are: Nikolaos Chrissis, Charalambos Gasparis, Anastasia Papadia-Lala, Nicholas Coureas, David Jaccoby, Julian Baker, Gill web page, Maria Georgopoulou and Sophia Kalopissi-Verti.
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Extra info for A Companion to Latin Greece
11–21. , Diplomatari de l’Orient català, 1301–1409 (Barcelona, 1947). ) cover the greatest part of the period, although coverage of the late 14th to the early 15th century is rather patchy. On the Latin side, after the early years of the conquest (Villehardouin, Robert of Clari, Henry of Valenciennes), the most important continuous narrative is the Chronicle of the Morea, though it is not always dependable. 13 The major relevant sources are noted in the corresponding sections below and in the bibliography at the end of the volume.
However, a number of factors frustrated his efforts, including Venice’s aloofness towards Angevin involvement in its sphere of influence. Most importantly, the Byzantine emperor, Michael viii Palaiologos, used all his diplomatic skill to undermine Charles by approaching the papacy and offering the prospect of Church Union as a way of de-legitimising a crusade attack on the empire. Pope Gregory x (1271–76) was particularly well-disposed to that prospect, and the contact between the two sides culminated in the proclamation of the Union of the Greek and Roman Churches at the Second Council of Lyon in 1274.
The one who seems to have most clearly grasped the danger posed by the Turks in the Eastern Mediterranean was the Venetian Marino Sanudo, an enthusiastic and tireless advocate of the crusade, who had a good knowledge of circumstances in the Aegean as well as an extensive network of contacts throughout Europe. 37 The shift of crusade plans, from wresting Constantinople from the Byzantines to halting the Turkish advance, was gradual and not always straightforward. The pontificate of John xxii (1316–34) coincides with this era of change, and the ambivalent attitudes with regard to crusading aims in the Eastern Mediterranean are reflected in his policies.