By Marc Van de Mieroop
This booklet offers a transparent, concise heritage of the extreme multicultural civilizations of the traditional close to East. Bestselling narrative of the advanced heritage of the traditional close to EastAddresses political, social, and cultural developmentsContains in-depth dialogue of key texts and resources, together with the Bible and the Epic of GilgameshIncludes quite a few maps, illustrations, and a variety of close to jap texts in translationIntegrates new study, and enormously expands the courses to extra examining for this moment version
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Extra resources for A History of the Ancient Near East, ca 3000-323 BC, 2nd edition (Blackwell History of the Ancient World)
The steppe lay between the cultivated and permanently inhabited zones and was used for seasonal animal herding and hunting. This area was only indirectly controlled by the urban centers. In the early third millennium Babylonia saw a general population growth, possibly accelerated by immigration or the settling down of semi-nomadic groups. There was a regional trend toward urbanism: both the cities and the villages surrounding them became larger in size, whereas smaller hamlets seem to have disappeared.
These tasks were primarily cottage industries. Belonging to a great household also provided a means of survival to the weak in society. Widows and children unable to feed themselves entered temple households, where they received basic support in return for labor. The household was thus a fundamental building block of society, where both individuals and nuclear families found a place. Households existed both in the cities and in the countryside. In the latter there was probably a parallel continuation of rural communities existing outside institutional control, composed of large families that owned land in common.
From the Early Dynastic period, a handful of texts each were found in the Babylonian sites of Adab, Kish, Nippur, Umma, Ur, and Uruk. Mari on the Euphrates is the only Syrian city where royal inscriptions were excavated. The largest group of Early Dynastic inscriptions comes from the southern state of Lagash, where nine members of the local dynasty left a total of 120. A substantial number of these give an explicit description of a border conflict between that state and its neighbor, Umma, which will be discussed in detail below.