Download A History of Western Educational Ideas by Peter Gordon, Denis Lawton PDF

By Peter Gordon, Denis Lawton

There are numerous features of an schooling method that basically make experience if we all know how that process has built through the years. a part of this comes from figuring out how associations have replaced, however it is additionally vital to appreciate how principles in schooling have developed.
This publication discusses the continual improvement of academic inspiration over 3 millennia. the point of interest upon the heritage of rules during this quantity is partially an try and movement historical past of schooling clear of an process in accordance with 'great males' to technological, financial and political impacts on principles and ideology. It experiences many concerns, starting from the needs of schooling from the earliest instances, to the problem of postmodernism within the current century. The authors offer an obtainable and thought-provoking advisor to the academic rules that underlie perform.

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It was based partly on the pedagogical ideas of Domitius Afer of Nimes, and partly on the philosophical writings of Cicero. The result was much more than a treatise on the training of orators; it has been regarded by successive generations as a classic text on 26 The Romans early education theory. Quintilian's successful rhetorician was not simply a skilful orator but a wise man. The book is about education for wisdom rather than training for verbal skills. According to Quintilian, the perfect orator would be a man of integrity - a good man as well as a clever pleader.

The school at Aachen became what would now be called a university, as it was devoted to higher levels of learning. As well as having English scholars like Alcuin, there were refugees from Moorish Spain, monks 47 A History of Western Educational Ideas from Ireland and many other learned men. A central feature of the university was its library, and a scriptorium where books could be copied. ) Charlemagne thought that every school should have a scriptorium; as Abbot of Tours, Alcuin instituted a school of calligraphy to ensure that scripts were copied clearly and beautifully.

Another significant difference between Hebrew and Greek values was that the Jews did not disdain manual work. Yet another aspect of Jewish culture that has become part of Western civilisation is historical consciousness: God not only intervened in history but also had an historical plan for His people. Time is thus forward-looking as well as involving a record of the past - the idea of the promised land was a 32 The Judaeo-Christian Tradition dominant feature of Jewish culture. It is not unconnected with the idea of progress which became so important in Western European notions of history and education.

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