Download Advances in Energy Systems and Technology. Volume 4 by Peter Auer and David Douglas (Eds.) PDF

By Peter Auer and David Douglas (Eds.)

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Climate Research Board, Ad Hoc Study Group on Carbon Dioxide and Climate. C. National Research Council (1982). Climate Board, C02/Climate Re­ view Panel. C. Olson, J. , Pfuderer, H. -H. (1978). " ORNL/EIA-109, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Persson, R. (1974). "World Forest Resources. " Research Note No. 17, Royal College of Forestry, Department of Forest Survey, Stock­ holm, Sweden. Richards, J. , Olson, J. , and Rotty, R. M. (1983). " ORAU/IEA-83-(M), Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Institute for Energy Analysis, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

A curve of pollutant level emitted from an automobile as a function of its air-fuel ratio (weight of air divided by the weight of fuel delivered by the carburetor to tho, engine) has the general features shown in Fig. 1. In Fig. 1, φ is the equivalence ratio, defined as the air-fuel (AIF) ratio for stoichiometric combustion (combustion products consisting of C0 2 and H 2 0 only) divided by the actual operating air-fuel ratio. The apparent feature is that lean mixtures ( < 1) have lower CO and HC emission levels than rich mixtures (φ > 1), which might be expected since rich mixtures are oxygen-poor, so that incomplete combustion products necessarily result.

We can use Eq. (19) to deter­ mine a. For lean mixtures, a is very nearly 1, so that φ < 1 corresponds to Ki/pol o r Po2 » Κ\. Naturally rich mixtures φ > 1 correspond top0l

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