By Kenneth L. Kusmer, Joe W. Trotter
Historians have dedicated strangely little realization to African American city heritage of the postwar interval, particularly in comparison with prior many years. Correcting this imbalance, African American city heritage in view that international warfare II gains a thrilling mixture of professional students and clean new voices whose mixed efforts give you the first complete overview of this significant subject. the 1st of this volume’s 5 groundbreaking sections makes a speciality of black migration and Latino immigration, reading tensions and alliances that emerged among African americans and different teams. Exploring the demanding situations of residential segregation and deindustrialization, later sections take on such issues because the actual property industry’s discriminatory practices, the circulate of middle-class blacks to the suburbs, and the impression of black city activists on nationwide employment and social welfare guidelines. one other staff of members examines those topics throughout the lens of gender, chronicling deindustrialization’s disproportionate effect on girls and women’s major roles in activities for social switch. Concluding with a collection of essays on black tradition and intake, this quantity totally realizes its aim of linking neighborhood differences with the nationwide and international techniques that impact city category and race kinfolk.
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Extra resources for African American Urban History since World War II (Historical Studies of Urban America)
And military service took them to other regions and overseas. After discharge, many chose to settle outside the South. That was true also for the servicemen and women who followed in the 1950s and 1960s. Military service proved an important pipeline out of the South. 23 Transforming Cities Apart from the introduction of automobiles, it would be hard to think of anything that more dramatically reshaped America’s big cities in the twentieth century than the relocation of the nation’s black population.
15 Belle Alexander was not married, and in that sense she was not a typical migrant. In 1943, the twenty-three-year-old Georgian signed up for a training program conducted by the National Youth Administration to prepare young people for jobs in defense plants. She had been living in Atlanta for 28 gregory Fig. 3. Age distributions of new migrants, 1955–60 and 1965–70. ) some time, having left her Georgia farm village—like so many other young women—because there were few opportunities. Now she was about to join a second migration.
Then things got much worse. Four-year-old Frank Jr. died during a routine tonsillectomy. 1 Dona and Frank Irvin, their daughter Nell, and their son Frank Jr. were part of the Second Great Migration, a term historians use to distinguish between two eras of massive African American migration out of the South. The exodus began in the early part of the twentieth century, especially during World War I and the 1920s, and that first phase has long been called the Great Migration. The label may have been premature.