By Kenneth F. Kitchell Jr.
The old Greeks and Romans lived in an international teeming with animals. Animals have been necessary to old trade, conflict, love, literature and artwork. contained in the urban they have been came across as pets, pests, and parasites. they can be sacred, sacrificed, liminal, staff, or intruders from the wild. past town domesticated animals have been herded and bred for revenue and wild animals have been looked for excitement and achieve alike. experts like Aristotle, Aelian, Pliny and Seneca studied their anatomy and behaviour. Geographers and tourists defined new lands when it comes to their animals. Animals are to be obvious on each attainable inventive medium, woven into fabric and inlaid into furnishings. they're the topic of proverbs, oaths and desires. Magicians, physicians and fans became to animals and their components for his or her crafts. They paraded sooner than kings, inhabited palaces, and entertained the terrible within the enviornment. relatively actually, animals pervaded the traditional global from A-Z.
In entries starting from brief to lengthy, Kenneth Kitchell deals perception into this mostly missed global, masking consultant and fascinating examples of mammals, reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates. typical animals resembling the cow, puppy, fox and donkey are taken care of in addition to extra unique animals resembling the babirussa, pangolin, and dugong. The proof adduced levels from Minoan instances to the overdue Roman Empire and is taken from archaeology, historic authors, inscriptions, papyri, cash, mosaics and all different creative media. at any time when attainable reasoned identifications are given for historic animal names and the realities at the back of animal lore are introduced forth. Why did the ancients imagine hippopotamuses practiced blood letting on themselves? How do you seize a monkey? Why have been hyenas regarded as hermaphroditic? was once there rather a vampire moth? Entries are observed through complete citations to historic authors and an intensive bibliography.
Of use to Classics scholars and students, yet written in a mode designed to interact an individual attracted to Greco-Roman antiquity, Animals within the old global from A to Z unearths the level and value of the animal international to the traditional Greeks and Romans. It solutions many questions, asks numerous extra, and seeks to stimulate additional study during this very important box.
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Additional resources for Animals in the Ancient World from A to Z
Today’s domesticated Bactrian camel is significantly larger than the wild ones. There is some evidence that the two were cross-bred in antiquity (Potts; cf. WMW, 1078). 103) discusses the animal but states that he does not have to describe one since they were familiar to Greeks. He only adds that their hindlegs have four thighbones and four knee-joints and that their genitals extend backward through their legs. 280– 90) and the latter is true. If one looks at the front legs of a dromedary, it does seem that each leg has two joints.
The honey badger (Mellivora capensis), also known as the ratel, is in its own genus (WMW, 727–28) and is found in Arabia, Palestine, and the west shore of the Red Sea. The ancients may very well have known of it, if only through pelts. _ See also choiropithekos, pyktis. v. 173–75. _ Barbary macaque Greek: pivqhko~ (pithe kos); Latin: simia. Both terms generically can simply mean “monkey” or “ape” and in most cases no certainty is possible. But at times the terms must refer to the tailless (cf. Arist.
86) follows Nicander’s closely and the marks are again called rods (virgulis). , p. 76), following Ctesias, cites this as a wild animal that has the pelt of a hinnuleus, but with very white spots. It is, he says, sacred to Bacchus. 280) suggest that this is Linnaeus’ Cervus axis (= Axis axis, WMW, 1100–02) a fairly large deer that has striking white spots, known in India as the chital. Bostock and Riley, 1855–57. 7 B Babirusa The babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa) is found on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi (formerly Celebese) and neighboring islands (WMW, 1062–63).