By by Gai, Joe, M.A., California State University, 2006
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Extra info for Battlefield trophies of ancient Greece: Symbols of victory
Hoplite defensive armor can be separated into four main pieces: the helmet, breastplate, greaves, and the shield. Let us begin with the shield. The hoplon was a convex shaped shield made of bronze, wood, and animal hide. It was generally three feet in diameter and weighed roughly twenty pounds. F. Lazenby and David Whitehead, most scholars agree that the hoplite was indeed named after his shield. M. Snodgrass, 53-ff. F. Lazenby and David Whitehead, "The Myth of the Hoplite's Hoplon," The Classical Quarterly 46, no.
The body armor used in the Classical period differed from the corselet style breastplates utilized in previous times, mainly in that it was lighter and more pliable. The breastplate commonly referred to as a cuirass was a breastplate made of linen and canvas and was reinforced with metal plates and scale arm or. This armor replaced the more bulky bell-shaped corselet. While the corselet offered more protection, with its entirely solid construction, the composite cuirass offered its wearer more freedom of movement.
What can be agreed upon is that the battlefield trophy is in fact a dedication to the god, most likely the god who the victors believed helped them win the battle. A closer look at the relationship between the trophy and religious observance will aid in paring down the intended and coincidental meanings of this custom. The usual process for setting up a trophy was fairly simple. The armies fought, one side gained possession of the battlefield, the defeated had to then sue for the right to retrieve their slain comrades; by doing this they would admit defeat, thereby giving the other army the right to claim victory and set up a trophy.