By Simon Robbins
Following the profession of 1 quite unknown First international battle basic, Lord Horne, this e-book provides to the growing to be literature that demanding situations long-held assumptions that the 1st global conflict used to be a mindless massacre performed through unimaginative and incompetent generals. in its place it demonstrates that males like Horne built new strategies and methods to house the radical difficulties of trench conflict and in so doing seeks to re-establish a dead ringer for the British generals and clarify the explanations for the disasters of 1915-16 and the successes of 1917-18 and the way this extraordinary swap in functionality was once accomplished via a miles maligned team of senior officials. Horne's very important occupation and noteworthy personality sheds mild not just at the significant battles during which he was once concerned; the growth of the warfare; his relationships along with his employees and different senior officials; the unconventional difficulties of trench battle; the assimilation of recent guns, strategies and coaching equipment; and the problems posed through the German defences, but in addition at the attitudes and professionalism of a senior British commander serving at the Western entrance. Horne's profession hence presents a automobile for learning the functionality of the British military within the first region of the 20 th Century. It additionally offers a major perception into the attitudes, ethos and professionalism of the officer corps which led that military to victory at the Western entrance, exposing not just its flaws but additionally its many strengths. This learn as a result offers a judgment not just on Horne as a character, innovator and common of serious significance but additionally on his contemporaries who served with the British Armies in South Africa and France in the course of an period which observed a revolution in army affairs giving delivery to a contemporary kind of battle which nonetheless prevails to at the present time.
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Extra info for British Generalship during the Great War
General The Lord Horne of Stirkoke’, p. 2, Horne Papers, IWM. 206 Lieutenant-General Sir Hastings Anderson, ‘Lord Horne as an Army Commander’, pp. 417 and 408. 207 Foreword by Field Marshal Lord Milne to Major-General Sir Herbert Uniacke, ‘General The Lord Horne of Stirkoke’, pp. 2–3, Horne Papers, IWM. 208 Horne, Hunting Diary, November 1907 – December 1910, Horne Papers, IWM. 209 Major-General Sir Herbert Uniacke, ‘General The Lord Horne of Stirkoke’, pp. 4–5. 210 Major-General Sir Herbert Uniacke, ‘General the Lord Horne of Stirkoke’, p.
140 Horne to his wife, 29 September 1914, Horne Papers, IWM. 141 Horne to his wife, 12 and 13 November 1917, Horne Papers, IWM. 142 Horne to his wife, 3 and 4 June 1917, Horne Papers, IWM. 143 Horne to his wife, 7 May 1918, Horne Papers, IWM. 144 Horne to his wife, 8 May 1918, Horne Papers, IWM. 145 Horne to his wife, 9 May 1918, Horne Papers, IWM. 146 Horne to his wife, 12 September 1917, Horne Papers, IWM. 147 Horne to his wife, 14 November 1917, Horne Papers, IWM. 152 He did not approve of Freddy Maurice’s action in writing to the press contradicting Government statements in May 1918 as it was “a very serious step for Maurice to have taken”, leaving him “open to the charge that he is as a soldier disloyal to his superiors” and, having “transgressed the King’s Regulations which forbids a serving soldier to write to the Press on military matters”, liable “to prosecution under the Official Secrets Act”.
A. Milward, War Diary, 23 August 1914, Milward Papers 6510-143-1, NAM. 29 Horne to his wife, 12 June 1917, Horne Papers, IWM. 30 Horne to his wife, 27 May 1915, Horne Papers, IWM. 31 The Brigade: The Official Organ of the Church Lads’ Brigade, Volume XXXVI, Number 9, September 1929, p. 159, Horne Papers 124/1, IWM. 32 Foreword by Field Marshal Lord Milne to Major-General Sir Herbert Uniacke, ‘General The Lord Horne of Stirkoke’, p. 3, Horne Papers, IWM. 33 Lieutenant-General Sir Hastings Anderson, ‘Lord Horne as an Army Commander’, p.